Load securing equipment

The set of rules for securing cargo in containers is the CTU-Code 2015. In Appendix 7, Annex 4, an entire chapter is devoted to the securing method using dunnage pads/stowage bags.
 
Stowage bags for load securing are used to fill gaps between the load and thus create a tight fit. They are filled with a compressed air gun or a mobile battery blower and can thus be used variably in width and internal pressure.
 
A distinction is also made between a simple design, which is used for gaps of up to 400 mm. So-called 3D dunnage bags are used for larger gaps, as their cubic design means that they lie more flat against the goods.
 
Padding consists of an inner cover made of PE film and an outer cover made of PP fabric or paper. The latter is not recyclable together with the inlay and is more sensitive to moisture.
Container restraint systems, so-called Lashings are designed to transfer the acceleration forces via the webbing belts in a targeted manner and almost completely into the body of the overseas container. They are faster and much more flexible in use than conventional systems such as wooden bracing.
The container eyelets are fitted with pointed hooks (with a safety catch) to which vertically flexible adjustable straps are sewn. Depending on the cargo, a different number of horizontal straps are attached, which are closed in front of the goods (with a belt buckle) and keep them away from the container doors.
It is important that these systems are certified and thus, for example, CTU Code compliant. Only then is reliable load securing in accordance with the loading scheme ensured. We explain more details in our technical article: "Episode 16: Lashings and their application". with Sigurd Ehringer.
In brief: Anti-slip mats increase the coefficient of friction between two contact surfaces, e.g. loading area and Euro pallet. Due to the combination of rubber and wooden loading floor, the coefficient of friction is significantly higher than with a combination of materials, e.g. wooden pallet and wooden loading floor. This means that less lashing equipment is required to secure the same load weight.

A distinction must be made here as to whether the container is a temperature-controlled container (reefer) or a standard sea container. Reefer containers do not have lashing eyes on the floor or ceiling; the following securing devices can be used here.
  • Screw-in lash point ( This can be placed in any rail of the floor, so lash straps can be used for restraint).
  • Tygart System (This is an oversized adhesive tape. This is stuck 2 pieces per side to the container wall at any height and sealed in front of the goods. This is done by tensioning the side tapes, which in turn are glued together with an adhesive tape. The length of the side tape must not be less than 150 cm.
  • Dunnage bags in all variations
  • S.A.M. System
The following systems can be used for standard containers. It is important to note how stable the goods to be shipped are.
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