An overloaded container is a problem. If many containers with too wrong weight are on a ship, it can quickly end in a disaster. Therefore, the actual weight of a container, consisting of cargo + packaging + securing means + tare weight, must be determined. In this regard, the World Shipping Council determined, "The responsibility for recording and documenting the verified gross weight of a packed container rests with the shipper."
Positive Load Securement means that the load is stowed away without any gaps and rests directly on the vehicle body. The prerequisite for this, however, is a sufficiently stable vehicle body
Non-positive Load Securement means that the load is pressed onto the loading area by lashing it down. The frictional force increases as a result of the pressure. This in turn secures against slipping. Ultimately, it is not the lashing devices that secure the load directly, but rather they increase and maintain the friction force. The frictional force secures the load.
What kind of damage should a truck be rejected for before loading?
In principle, vehicles must comply with the technical regulations /TÜV) and be both operationally and roadworthy. This also applies to load-bearing components such as the vehicle frame, the loading area or the front or side walls of a truck. Possible reasons for the rejection of a truck can be:
massive damage/deformation on the frame of the loading area
rusted through perforated strip
Damage to the tractor e.g. lights
Damage / cracks on the tires
Structurally impermissible modifications to the frame of the superstructure
Defects on the ship's side e.g. defective ship's side hinges
It is not uncommon for accidents to lead to adjustments in legislation. Not least, such losses provide insights for considerations on how to avoid damage or the complete loss of container ships in the future.
This is reflected in the standards and regulations of the leading institutions:
SOLAS (International Convention for the Life at Sea)
What load securement equipment is there in the sea container?
Posts by Thomas Bauer2023-06-28T14:42:11+02:00A distinction must be made here as to whether the container is a temperature-controlled container (reefer) or a standard sea container.
Reefer containers do not have lashing eyes on the floor or ceiling; the following securing devices can be used here.
Screw-in lash point ( This can be placed in any rail of the floor, so lash straps can be used for restraint).
Tygart System (This is an oversized adhesive tape. This is stuck 2 pieces per side to the container wall at any height and sealed in front of the goods. This is done by tensioning the side tapes, which in turn are glued together with an adhesive tape. The length of the side tape must not be less than 150 cm.
Posts by Thomas Bauer2023-06-28T14:50:34+02:00Unsecured cargo always represents a danger for all road users. Therefore, the goods must be appropriately marked with Load securing equipment must be secured to prevent it from being thrown out to the side and/or damaged and/or posing a risk to passers-by.
Which load securement measures increase the frictional force?
Posts by Thomas Bauer2023-06-28T14:53:40+02:00Through the use of Anti-slip Mats to the ground, as well as the use of Stowage bags/stowage cushions friction force can be increased. Anti-slip mats increase the friction between the pallet and the loading area. Stowage sacks fill existing stowage gaps with a positive fit. In the latter case, the load is pressed against the wall on the right and left, thereby increasing the friction between the wall and the goods.
What is safe loading?
Posts by Thomas Bauer2023-06-27T10:52:47+02:00Reliable loading includes the carrier's obligation to provide a suitable vehicle. Taking into account the prescribed dimensions, weights and axle loads, this must be able to safely transport the goods during normal, contractual transport (even in extreme situations).
During a break, they discover that a lashing strap has broken. What do you do?
Posts by Thomas Bauer2023-06-28T14:55:26+02:00When a belt has reached the so-called discard stage, it must be disposed of. Further use is no longer permitted. For more details on the discard maturity of a lashing strap, see our FAQ item "What are the criteria for discard maturity of lashing straps?" below.