Area of ​​application load securement

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The load securing applied may vary depending on the type of loading units used. The type of load unit, be it a pallet, a container or a single unit load, influences the methods and materials used to secure the load. In this article, we will look at the differences in load securing by type of load unit used.

Palletized cargo:
Pallets are one of the most common load units in transportation. When securing palletized loads, it is important to stabilize the load on the pallet and prevent it from shifting during transport. Here are some common methods of securing palletized loads:

Lashing: Lashing systems are placed around the pallets and then tensioned to hold the load firmly in place.
Dunnage BagsStowage pads are blown into the stowage gaps between the pallets to create a tight fit and prevent slippage.
Edge Protection: Edge protectors are used to protect the delicate edges of the load and prevent damage during transport.
Anti-slip Mats: Anti-slip mats are placed on the bottom of the pallet to prevent the load from sliding and provide additional stability.

Container load:
When securing cargo in an overseas container, it is important to protect the cargo from movement and damage during transit. Here are some methods of securing container cargoes:

Lashing: Lashing restraint systems are used to lash the cargo in the container and prevent it from slipping.
Dunnage Bags: Stowage bags are used to fill the space between the cargo and the walls of the container and stabilize the cargo.
Dam wood: dunnage, as an alternative to dunnage cushions, is placed between the individual cargo units to minimize movement and secure the cargo.
Container gantry cranes: Container gantry cranes are placed between the walls of the container to stabilize the cargo and prevent it from sliding.

General cargo:
When securing individual general cargo loads, it is important to protect the load from shock and vibration during transport. Here are some methods for securing unit loads:

Retaining tarpaulinThis is fitted before the container doors are closed and prevents the unit loads from falling out when they are later opened at their destination.
Lashing systemIn combination with edge protection brackets, lashing systems can secure the goods against slipping during transport.

Additional protection of the goods can be provided by padding the loading units themselves:
Upholstery materials: cushioning materials such as foam, bubble wrap or special packaging are used to protect the cargo from shocks and vibrations.
Safety belts and nets: Safety belts and nets are used to wrap and secure the load to prevent it from falling out or shifting.
Special packaging: For sensitive general cargo, special packaging can be used, tailored to the specific requirements of the cargo.

It is important to use the correct load securing methods and materials according to the type of load units used

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